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WHO KNEW? 22 pioneering women in science history you really should know about

History is full of women who made enormous contributions to science.

Some of them are rightfully well-known, like Marie Curie, Ada Lovelace and Rosalind Franklin. But others, like fossil hunter Mary Anning and NASA pioneer Katherine Johnson, aren’t such household names.

So, we’ve put together this list of 22women in science history who deserve to be remembered for their work.


ROSALIND FRANKLIN in Simple English Wikipedia

The dark lady of DNA dies, Denying her the Nobel her colleagues felt she deserved.

Franklin’s biographer, Brenda Maddox, called her “the Dark Lady of DNA”, based on a disparaging reference to Franklin by one of her coworkers, and also because although her work on DNA was crucial to the discovery of its structure, her contribution to that discovery is little known.

Rosalind Franklin (Notting Hill, London, 25 July 1920 – London, 16 April 1958) was a British biophysicist. She was known for helping to discover the structure of DNA. Rosalind Franklin was about 15 years old when she knew that she wanted to become a scientist. She attended St. Paul’s Girls’ School and then continued school at Newham College in Cambridge. At Newham College she got a Ph.D in physical chemistry. She worked on coal, studies of RNA, and viruses. She was one of the first people to do X-ray crystallography on DNA. She also spent several years working in Paris studying crystals. [3] She discovered the size, shape, and arrangement of molecules. She dedicated her life to discovering more about molecules.

Franklin died from ovarian cancer in 1958. Nobel Prizes are not awarded after a person’s death, so she was not considered for the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. It was awarded to Francis Crick, James D. Watson and Maurice Wilkins.                        FOR MORE

women in science, WOMENS LIVES, womens work

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